u

u   [u] Morph: us. Variant: us1; s1. variant of us eye before -ɬt transitive. kʷu nluʕ̓ʷúɬtp iʔ cúɬmən. Do what I'm telling you. nckʷúɬtən. I pulled (the reins).

uc   [uc] Morph: uc. interrogative dubitative particle. uɬ axáʔ iʔ p sqilxʷ, uɬ uc p kɬənxʷúytn iʔ t ƛ̓ax̌t c̓x̌iɬ axáʔ iʔ ʕapnáʔ iʔ t səck̓ʷúl̕tt, axáʔ iʔ kʷu sámaʔ. You Indians, do you have a means of transportation that is fast like the one we white folks made? axáʔ k̓ʷin̓nt uc x̌ast. Taste it, is it good? uc caʔkʷ t ksíc̓əms. Could he have a blanket? aˑˑ, cúntəm way̓ caʔkʷ uc iʔ kxəntsín. Ah, he said, "Can I go with you?" uɬ uc kʷ ʔayx̌ʷt. Are you tired? uc ixíʔ axáʔ iʔ anx̌mínk. Is this what you wanted? uc ixíʔ axáʔ iʔ kɬmút axáʔ antkɬmílxʷ, uc ixíʔ axáʔ iʔ sk̓əɬq̓y̓əncúts, uɬ ixíʔ háʔ cƛ̓aʔƛ̓aʔstíxʷ? Is the one sitting here your wife? Is this her picture, and is this the one you've been looking for?

ucklípm   [ucklípm] Morph: wcklíp+m. Variant: wckl̕ipm. Etym: √wckl. one runs downhill. See: wckl̕ípm.

ulalá   [ulalá] Morph: ulalá. a vocalization. xʷuˑˑy, ixíʔ scuts uˑˑlalá t inqaqíˑˑc kʷu qalutáˑˑnkɬts iʔ t xəmáʕmləxqən. He went, he said (singing) oh my brothers the crickets stepped on my belly.

uláx   [uláx] Morph: wlax. Etym: √wlx. a post or a tree that has tipped over. See: wlax̌.

úlaʔxʷ   [úlaʔxʷ] Morph: úlaʔxʷ. Variant: laʔxʷ; áʕlaʔxʷ. earth; ground. səncaʔx̌úlaʔxʷ. A red hot weather. c̓aʔknúl̕axʷ. To be a little better off. nc̓əlúlaʔxʷm. To put up a post or pole. nc̓lúlaʔxʷtn. Fence posts. c̓əlc̓əlx̌úlaʔxʷəm. To scratch. ṇc̓əspúlaʔxʷ. To go to nothing; to annihilate. ṇc̓əwqúlaʔxʷəm. To pull s.t. out of the ground; to uproot s.t. kipúlaʔxʷ. Dark. k̓əɬk̓əlxʷmúlaʔxʷ. To go to a secret place. kʷəl̕úlaʔxʷ. A warm place, a sunny place. skʷəstúlaʔxʷ. The name of the country. ləkʷtúlaʔxʷ. Distance(s). ɬq̓úlaʔxʷ. Wide area. naɬʔúlaʔxʷ. The other side (of the mountain). nƛ̓əqúˑˑlaʔxʷ. To dig. məlk̓ʷmúlaʔxʷ. All over (the world), the entire world. ṇmɬəɬúlaʔxʷ. To cave in. miʔúlaʔxʷ. To point to the ground. miyúlaʔxʷ. To point to the ground. spkʷúlaʔxʷ. Montane puffball. spəlmúlaʔxʷ. Bald hill. spaʕʔúlaʔxʷ. Ghost. ɬp̓úlaʔxʷ. A line through land. k̓ɬaʔmúlaʔxʷ. Next to the hill. k̓əɬɬaʔm̓úlaʔxʷ. Next to the little hill. nƛ̓ək̓ʷpúlaʔxʷ. To stick s.t. in the ground. miw̓súlaʔxʷ. Half way. miyúlaʔxʷ. To indicate a place. ql̕wtúlaʔxʷ. To step on dry land. qʷyˑúlaʔxʷ. Rich or industrious. qʷəyúlaʔxʷ. Riches. nqʷʔúlaʔxʷ. A big pocket (land). səlxʷaʔúlaʔxʷ. A big place. súl̕laʔxʷ. Frozen earth. sxəlxúlaʔxʷ. To change country. nsaʔx̌ʷx̌ʷúlaʔxʷ. The earth is drying (it's early fall). Morph: phonetics of the next two forms uncertain. stəqʷtəqʷniʔúlaʔxʷ. Ghost. st̓əkʷt̓əkʷniʔúlaʔxʷ. Ghost. tanm̓súlaʔxʷ. (To go) aimlessly. tmxʷúlaʔxʷ. World; country; place. ntx̌ʷúlaʔxʷ. The center (of a place). taʔmúlaʔxʷ. The snow cleared away. st̓lúlaʔxʷəm. Plowing. ṇt̓əl̕púlaʔxʷ. Torn land. st̓iʔúlaʔxʷ. Man's name (Sandy Lezard). sxʷmʔúlaʔxʷ. Map. nutənúlaʔxʷ. To put s.t. in the ground. wupúlaʔxʷm. To hay. supúlaʔxʷ. Hay; any grass or goatsbeard. waʕ̓múlaʔxʷ. Thawed earth. sənxəlkúlaʔxʷ. Man's name. xƛ̓púlaʔxʷ. Daylight. xƛ̓ƛ̓úlaʔxʷ. Daybreak. nx̌əw̓w̓úlaʔxʷ. Dried up pond. cʔáx̌ʷlaʔxʷ. Cleared space. nx̌əƛ̓múlaʔxʷ. To go up the hill. nƛ̓ək̓ʷpúlaʔxʷ. To stick s.t. in the pond. Sp √-úleʔxʷ (-úleʔ) ground; √-úlixʷ (-ul) land; Cr -ul̕umxʷ ground; Sh -ul̕əxʷ land, soil; Th úyeʔxʷ land.

ulmxʷ   [ulmxʷ] Morph: ulmxʷ. people. sqlaʔúlmxʷ. State prison for Indians at Conconully.

1   [uɬ] Morph: . 1 • conjunctive particle "and". kʷu ɬə cus isx̌áx̌paʔ uɬ inqáqnaʔ, istəmtímaʔ uɬ ink̓ík̓waʔ, kʷu cuslx. When I was told by my grandparents, my paternal grandmother and grandfather, my maternal grandmother and grandfather, they told me. ixíʔ uɬ way̓ taʔlíʔ xʷaʔspíntk itlíʔ k̓aɬáʔ. And it's been too many years since then. way̓ uɬ aɬíʔ ʕapnáʔ way̓ uɬ kɬəncəkʷmnáqs kʷa uɬ kɬtqəcəlxálqʷ. Now there are wagon roads and railroads. caʔkʷ p ɬ tr̓íwyaʔm iʔ k̓ isnəqsílxʷ uɬ p x̌ast. If you take after my folks, you'll be good people. huy uɬ ṇppílxəlx, uɬ aɬíʔ kɬk̓ʷɬənk̓ʷmíp, uɬ niʕ̓íp yayáʕt ṇxənsíɬxʷtṇ uɬ xlˑákək. Then they went in, it has a door, and windows all around. kʷm̓iɬ uɬ xʷist ik̓líʔ a cəncahchús uɬ tack̓líʔ ɬ xʷuy. He started walking and where he was facing, he just went.

2 • (up) to; until. way̓ xərxárt, ilíʔ t̓i c̓x̌iɬ t tiɬ uɬ qilt. It's steep, it's straight up and down to the top. xʷʔit iscənq̓aʔíls, lut kən t̓ə ʔatətxíʔst uɬ x̌lap. I had lots of worries and couldn't sleep til morning. uɬ lut t̓ sʔatxílxsəlx uɬ x̌lap. And they didn't sleep until daylight. acəncq̓q̓íʔstn iʔ ululím uɬ pn̓ap. I hit the nail until it bent. iʔ sc̓əl̕c̓ál̕ uɬ k̓əɬʔálˑqʷaʔ. There are trees up to the shore.

3 • but. lut swit t̓ə ksxʷíc̓xəms iʔ sqʷəsqʷsíʔs t̓ iksənsq̓íw̓ɬ[təm], uɬ anwí. Nobody'd give away his son to have him split in two, but you (did). See: clause connector; but see above 20/Apr/99.

uɬ2   [uɬ] Morph: uɬ. added to reduplicated stems this suffix confers a habitual notion: one who likes to ..., one who does s.t. often; given to. c̓aʔc̓əʔxúɬ. Bashful. kaʕ̓kaʕ̓xʷmúɬ, kaʕ̓ʷkaʕ̓ʷxʷmúɬ. Hollers a lot. k̓ʷəl̕k̓ʷl̕úɬ. A good worker. k̓ʷəl̕k̓ʷəl̕muɬ. Industrious people. nk̓ʷəsəsk̓aʔmúɬ. Easily ghosted. nɬəpɬəptúɬ. Forgetful. k̓əɬƛ̓aʔƛ̓aʔmúɬ. \ Jealous. m̓iʔm̓iʔúɬ, m̓im̓imúɬ. Tattle tale. nəq̓ʷnəq̓ʷmúɬ. Thief. qʷəlqʷəltúɬ. One who talks all the time. təxʷtəxʷcnúɬ. Like to hunt for things to eat. t̓iʔt̓imúɬ. Lazy. xʷəsxʷəstúɬ. One who walks all the time. x̌əc̓x̌əc̓múɬ. Gambler. nx̌əl̕x̌l̕úɬ. Easily scared. Sp √-uɬ to the extreme; Sh -úɬ having a habit; Th -úɬ habitual; Li -úɬ always.

uɬ iʔ   [uɬ iʔ] Morph: uɬ iʔ. and then. i kʷu kʕʷəyncútəms uɬ i kʷu cus. He laughed at me, and he said to me...

uɬá   [uɬá] Morph: uɬ+á. Etym: . conjunctive particle "and not". uɬ aɬíʔ kʷa iʔ uʔx̌tílaʔt uɬá cmistís iʔ cawts. Because a baby doesn't know what he does. aɬíʔ uɬ nak̓ʷá pnicíʔ uɬa way̓ kɬkəlk̓íc̓aʔtən. Because at that time they didn't have balers. See: .

úɬiʔ   [úɬiʔ] Morph: úɬ+iʔ. conjunctive particle "and then; and that's when; that's why". ixíʔ tanm̓súlaʔxʷ úɬiʔ tkícən. I was walking aimlessly and ran across him. sc̓x̌ilx úɬiʔ xaʔtústsəlx. That's why he was their leader. sc̓x̌ilx úɬiʔ kákʔəms axáʔ iʔ ɬcəcʔúpsc. That's why she was making fun of her younger sister. mat stim̓ kʷ nac̓əntíls úɬiʔ kʷu aksxʷístaʔx úɬiʔ kʷu aksɬwínəm. Maybe something is bothering you that you are going away from us and you are leaving us. lut t̓ə cúntst ɬ akscənʔúɬxʷ, úɬiʔ kʷ cənʔúɬxʷ. We didn’t tell you to come here, and yet you came here. way̓ ixíʔ úɬiʔ wíkəm, lut t̓ə kmymypúsəms stim̓ axáʔ. It was then that he saw something, he didn’t make out what it was. ʔáˑˑcəcqaʔḷx, uɬ ixíʔ úɬiʔ ʔíwt kəkc̓ílxkən. They were all going out, and that̓s when Wood Tick got behind. See: .

uɬm   [úɬəm] Morph: uɬ+m. conjunctive particle "and". úɬəm lut t̓a ksql̕awlx uɬ a claklístəlx k̓ʷna náq̓ʷq̓ʷəlx. They don't have any money for them to lock that might be stolen. See: .

uɬmánc̓aʔ   [uɬmánc̓aʔ] Morph: wɬmánc̓aʔ. Etym: √wɬmn. uɬmánc̓aʔ (Grace Greyeyes). uɬmánc̓aʔ. See: wɬmánc̓aʔ.

+uɬt   [uɬt] Morph: +uɬt. transitivizer with a redirecting function. náx̌əmɬ ɬ qəclxúɬtxʷ asl̕ax̌t iʔ tkɬmílxʷs ... But if you do run off with your friend's wife ... nxʷc̓úɬtsən. I'll pay for what I owe you. kʷu nq̓əy̓úɬt askʷíst. Copy your name for me. cənc̓kmúɬtəm axáʔ iʔ xʷəlxʷílts. We are figuring his debts.

-um   [um] Morph: -um. second person singular object of the +st and +x(i)t paradigms (weak stems). cc̓əx̌ʷstúmstsəlx They discipline you. Ques: there seems to be an extra -st in this form ctk̓əlk̓əlstúms. They have been expecting you.

úmaʔ   [úmaʔ] Morph: úmaʔ. suffix of unclear meaning in the following form. k̓ʷk̓ʷyúmaʔ. Small.

uníxʷ   [uníxʷ] Morph: wnixʷ. Variant: wnaxʷ. Etym: √wnxʷ. true. See: wnixʷ.

úpaʔ   [úpaʔ] Morph: úpaʔ. back end. iʔ sxʷm̓aʔm̓áy̓aʔm ka nʔucxsaʔyúpaʔ The teacher fell ass over teakettle. See: ups.

úpaʔs   [úpaʔs] Morph: úpaʔs. Variant: ups; ps; áʕpaʔs. diminutive form of ups tail. kəkʔúpaʔs. Small tail. q̓ʷəcq̓ʷəc̓əiʔhúpaʔs. Yarrow; sagebrush plantain. kəw̓lúpaʔs, kuʔlúpaʔs. One's bottom is covered; ass cover. Sp √-ups (-u) tail, rump.

ups   [ups] Morph: ups. Variant: ps; áʕpaʔs; úpaʔs; s11. tail; bottom. səncnúpstəns. Place name (where the moose roll to get the flies off them). ṇc̓əlc̓əlx̌ʔúps. To scratch one's rear. cr̓tups. Fisher. ṇc̓əwqúps. To pull s.t. out of the rear. (n)c̓aʕʷpúps. Constipated. ṇk̓mups. Bottom. tk̓ʷək̓ʷxʷnʔúps. Sagebrush plantain. ɬqʷupstṇ. Loin cloth. nƛ̓qʷups To spank. ṇqiʔqy̓xʷúps. Car. Lit: stinking end kɬqʷupstn. Croup strap. q̓ʷəcq̓ʷəc̓wiʔhúps, q̓ʷəcq̓ʷəc̓wiy̓aʔhúps. Yarrow. siyúps. Tail. ṇtər̓qúps. To kick one's rear. kt̓cpups. To jar one's butt. nt̓ɬúps. Dirty bottom. knustúps. High tail. kususxnúps. Long tail pheasant. sx̌ʷnups. Fish tails. cnʕaɬúps. To have the balls to do X (rocks fitted together).

úru   [úru] Morph: úru. Etym: √rw. Oroville.

us1   [us] Morph: us. Variant: s12; aʕs1. 1 • eye; face; head; neck; small round object; fire. ncahəhús. To do an about face; to be facing s.t. ncəqcqús. Ranunculus spp. ncʔúsəntəm. To punch s.o. in the eye. kc̓amliʔsús. Red twinberry. kc̓ərc̓ərús. Tomato. skc̓unús. Phlox. c̓aʔq̓mnúsm To shake one's head. stkm̓km̓xstus. black twinberry (berries). sənkr̓ús. Eyes drying up. kʷaʔɬús. To blush. sk̓ʷƛ̓us. Face. sənk̓ʷƛ̓ústn. Eye. k̓ʷƛ̓pus. To slip out of a halter. tk̓ʷk̓ʷxʷnʔus. Fleabane. kəlq̓úsəntəm. To break one's neck. snlqʷus. Yellow agoseris. ləxʷús. Saskatoon, or serviceberry. ƛ̓aʔƛ̓ʔúsm. To look around. kmymypúsəm. To recognize s.t. or s.o. ɬnusxtəm. To look mean at s.o. spuʔús. Heart, feeling, wish. p̓aʔƛ̓ús. To get hit on the face. kp̓sƛ̓ʔús. Big eyes. ṇp̓aʔp̓aʔxʷús. Shiny eyes. p̓əyús. Wrinkled face. sp̓úsəm. To hit s.o. on the eye. nsəp̓əp̓ús. To get hit on the eye. sqəlxʷús. Indian Face. sənq̓əy̓ús. An exact copy; a written number. Lit: lit written on the face q̓ʷəyús. Black face, black person. ṇtəlpús. One's neck breaks. ct̓əcpús. Cheeks jar or bounce. t̓aʔkús. To have the look of one who has had a rough night. caʔwpús. Fuzzy face. nxn̓xn̓us. Eye glasses. nʕ̓ayúsəntəm. To give a pretty smile to s.o.

2 • fire. kcqúsəm. To put s.t. on the fire; to warm s.t. up. ṇc̓əwqúsəm. To pull s.t. out of the fire. k̓ʷəƛ̓pús. To boil water. npkʷúsəm. To put small things on the fire. cənp̓nús. S.t. is in the fire. wurúsm. To fish with torch; pit lamping.

3 • ? nc̓əkmús. To figure or count. kɬc̓lús. To face (the bank). ck̓əɬc̓lús. To stand on top. c̓əmtús. Sturgeon. sənkm̓ús. Stuff one gives away. kaʔkʔúsəm. To fail in a purpose. ck̓lixʔús. On this side of a hill. k̓aɬʔús. To go over the mountain; the other side (of the hill). səlk̓ús. Pitch bundle (used for night fishing). cnlq̓ʷús. A steep shore. ṇləʕ̓ʷpús. Exactly. kɬəx̌ʷp̓nús. To come to the top (of water). m̓əsm̓ús. To feel around. cp̓əlk̓úsəm. To turn back. np̓ƛ̓mús. S.t. is finished. kɬqəltús. The top of a hill. ṇqəltús. Top of the mountain. tqaʔmúsəm. To gather wood. nq̓y̓us. Writing. qʷəm̓pús. S.t. long. səx̌ʷstúsəm. To go downhill. sysyús. Intelligent. kɬtəɬxús. To stand on the bank. səntər̓r̓ús. Background; development. səntxʷús. Partner, cousin. t̓ət̓pús. To lie on the stomach. kt̓at̓pús. Finger-long fish. nwapmúsəm. To go backwards. cutəmtkús. Southward. nəxƛ̓ús. Each. nxaʔcnús. At some time. xaʔtús. Leader. nxʷəc̓xús. To give the equivalent of s.t. cənxʷr̓ús. A hollow place. cənxʷəxʷrús. A low pass. xʷət̓pús. to run away with s.t. or s.o.; to take s.o. somewhere. kylus. Coil. x̌əw̓x̌əw̓ús. To get together. Gram: confirm nyaʕ̓sús. To be settled. kɬʔaksuxús. To stand on top. ʔawtús. Opponent. nʔax̌ʷtús. Downriver.

4 • in men's personal names. qʷəyɬk̓úsəm.q̓ʷəyq̓ʷəyús. Man's name. Clara Jack's father's name. Sp √-us (-u) eye, face, fire; Cr us eye, face, orifice through which light shines, fire; Sh -us face; fire; sort; Th //us//} face (ós, .os, s, ṣ) face, jaw, head, neck, facing, forward, front part of s.t.; shoot or sprout; eye, look, glance, window, mirror, sky; person; run away; wound, cut, sore, small hole or opening, crack seam, part(ing) (of hair), strip, line; fire, s.t. heated, sun, light, lamp, star; sharp edge, sharp or pointed end; breech of gun; price, debt; surface, flat object, flag, cloth; appearance, cause, reason, evidence, track, foorprint; berry; cliff, face of mountain, higher elevation, flat area.

us2   [us] Morph: us. unexpected unstressed variant (?) of us "small round object". sc̓írus. Golden currant.

úsaʔ   [úsaʔ] Morph: úsaʔ. circular; spherical ? c̓əx̌ʷl̕úsaʔ. White camas. ɬəx̌ʷmúsaʔ. To get through (a hole). sqaʔnúsaʔm. To deliver a dowry. nx̌ʷəx̌ʷc̓úsaʔ. Stump. Cr úseʔ s+c̓sl̕úseʔ hail; Sh -useʔ small round object; Th useʔ, óseʔ, óṣeʔ, seʔ, ṣeʔ, úseʔ berry, fruit ... egg...; Li -usaʔ round object, fruit, money; shape (in general).

usqn   [úsqən] Morph: usqn. mouth. tqapúsqən. To hush (by covering one's mouth). ɬq̓aq̓púsqən. Wide mouth. See: us; qn.

usxn   [úsxən] Morph: usxn. 1 • leg; foot; shoe. k̓ək̓túsxən. To go on a short trip. p̓ƛ̓mqnusxn. To be or go to the end of s.t.; to go to one's toes; to be exhausted. uʔyúsxən. To finish shoe work. nyryrk̓ʷúsxən. Bow legs.

2 • ? ṇpax̌aʔúsxən. Person's name. xaʔxaʔlúsxən. Pre-pubescent. Cm lk̓lk̓usxn leggings.

ut   [ut] Morph: ut. Variant: t2. 1 • place. ṇcqʷut. Wooded area. ɬəq̓ʷlút. What lies there. snɬq̓ʷútn. Bedroom. ƛ̓əx̌ƛ̓əx̌pútəm Middle aged person. nxʷutm. Sideways. stkʷtkʷʔút. Travelling. təkʷʔút. Walk (pl). txrútəm. To run up the hill. xƛ̓ut. Rock. snixʷút. Depth. nixʷút. Inside. ixʷút. Down.

2 • with the approximate meaning doable, capable of being done. təltútəm. Runt, left out, weakling. ḷtútəm. Insignificant, worthless. sqʷəqʷʕawqʷút. Crazy behavior. sənləʕ̓ʷút. To come true. tx̌ʷmut. Straight. Cr ut -ut possibility, be in position, state of.

után   [után] Morph: wtán. Etym: √wtn. to take some; to be in a place. See: wtan.

útyaʔ   [útyaʔ] Morph: útyaʔ. makeshift; approximate; hand-made. c̓aq̓əlnútyaʔ. Bow and arrow. nkaxmútiyaʔ. To travel on foot. k̓ʷaʔmútyaʔ. A bite to eat. k̓ʷaʔmútyaʔm. To eat in a hurry. myútyaʔ. All mixed up, not unified. qaʔcəlxútyaʔ. To run. q̓aʔxnútyaʔ. Moccasin. Gram: Doulas Lake form nt̓aʕpmútyaʔ. Gun loader. nxənmútyaʔ. Bullets are stuck in the barrel. xʷstútyaʔ. To barely walk. cx̌ʔútyaʔ. To be feeble. ʕacʕacmútyaʔst. To tie laces poorly. ʕaccmútyaʔ. To be all tangled. c̓knútyaʔ. One's being in a certain state. kʷniʔútyaʔ. To grab s.t. Sp √-útyeʔ around, on the ground; Cr utyeʔ q̓ey̓+mutyeʔ bill (five dollar...).

uxʷ   [uxʷ] Morph: uxʷ. Variant: nuxʷ. variant of nuxʷ weather after n. x̌aʔnúxʷəm. To stop the weather.

uxʷáp   [uxʷáp] Morph: wxʷa+p. Etym: √wxʷ. to burn. See: wxʷap.

ux̌tílt   [ux̌tílt] Morph: ux̌tilt. Etym: √x̌t. baby. See: wx̌tilt.

úyaʔ   [úyaʔ] Morph: úyaʔ. ? yar̓úyaʔ. Great-great-grand children's [qʷúpsaʔ] children. mhúyaʔ. Raccoon.

uyá(ʔ)   [uyá] Morph: uyá. often translatable as "listen!" kʷu cúsəlx way̓ uyá kʷ qʷən̓cənmíst. They said to me, "You poor pitiful thing." way̓ ixíʔ cus iʔ qʷásqiʔs way̓ uyáʔ. She said to her BlueJay: "Listen here!" way̓ uyáʔ kʷu cqʷən̓míkstəmstxʷ. Have pity on me! way̓ uyáʔ, k̓əɬpx̌áx iʔ la kstəxʷcəncút. Listen, think about getting something to eat. way̓ uyáʔ, k̓əwpmínt asaʔstám. Listen, leave alone your brother-in-law.

uy̓áy̓   [wiʔáy̓, uy̓áy̓] Morph: wy̓•ay̓. Etym: √wy̓. to be finished. See: wy̓ay̓.

uʔíkst   [wuʔíkst, uʔíkst] Morph: wy̓꞊ikst. Etym: √wy̓. to finish working; to finish doing something. See: wy̓ikst.